Electricity is a vital part of everyday life, yet one most people rarely think about, from the generation, transmission and distribution of electricity to electrical insulation and accessories. However, major electric companies are consistently investing in electrical system upgrades, focusing on better technologies to meet the rising demand for safe electrical supplies.
Electrical generation takes place in different generating stations, which are usually situated away from the load centres. Therefore, there must be a transmission network to transmit this electrical power to the load stations from which distribution firms will distribute to the consumers in their homes and offices. According to Engineering Supplies, electricity transmission also incorporates redundancy into the transmission system to provide alternative power paths during outages and emergencies, which enhances the reliability of electrical distribution systems.
The major function of an electrical distribution system is to disseminate electricity in consumers' premises, which is usually done at much lower voltage levels than in electrical transmission. In addition to power substations and load centres, distribution systems include distribution feeders, transformers, service mains and other related support systems in the consumers' end of electricity delivery.
There are, however, major factors to consider when planning for a distribution system, including the system's maximum load demand, the distance to the retail nodes, the required transmission-distribution voltage regulation, and the recommended electrical insulation.
Electrical insulation is important not only for electrical devices function well but also in ensuring electrical safety during electrical power transmission, distribution and installation. Insulators have high resistance and low electrical conduction, both of which electrical engineers modify to determine the best material for every electrical application. These insulators include earth and neutral bars, line taps, and products such as the Termco lugs.
Industry-savvy electrical companies offer comprehensive end-to-end electrical solutions, from electrical generation, transmission and distribution to quality control equipment and engineering and support services. However, the government places great emphasis on electrical safety regulations and IEEE compliance to ensure the safety of both retailers and end users, and that this form of energy is sustainable and clean for the environment.
Contact a competent electrical professional for all your needs in either electrical generation and transmission or electrical distribution and installation.